Shoreline Protection of the East Frisian Islands of Norderney and Langeoog

by Hans Kunz, Water Management Authority, Brake, West Ger, Water Management Authority, Brake, West Ger,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '87


The seven East Frisian Islands protect as a natural barrier chain a part of the German coastline. In order to protect the health and bathing resorts against erosion, people constructed solid protection work and implemented artificial beach nourishment. This paper reviews the projects for two of the islands that experienced a different evolution of the inlet and the shore line. On Norderney for more than one hundred years people attempted to stop the erosion of its west end by seawalls, groins and beach nourishment. On Langeoog however most of the time there is a sufficient sand supply by approaching sand bars. Nevertheless for the last fifteen years artificial beach fills have been carried out to reinforce barrier dunes and the beach in front of them.

Subject Headings: Shoreline | Islands | Sandy soils | Beaches | Coastal management | Sea walls | Solid mechanics | Inlets (waterway) | Germany | Europe

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