The Final Connection

by Louis G. Silano, P.E., Proj. Mgr.; Joint Venture of Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas, Inc., and URS Consulting, New York City, NY,
Ramdas Shanbhag, P.E., (M.ASCE), Design Mgr.; New York City Transit,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 2000, Vol. 70, Issue 7, Pg. 56-61

Document Type: Feature article


In 1969, New York City Transit (NYCT) began construction of a new subway to link Manhattan to east Queens. But funding issues prevented this 63rd Street Line from being completed as planned on the Queens side, and was thus dubbed the Tunnel to Nowhere. In 1990, to relieve an increased overcrowding problem, NYCT planners and engineers decided to finally connect the end of the underutilized line to existing, overcrowded local and express trains. Though only one-third of a mile is needed to connect the two subway lines, the project is situated in subterranean infrastructure so complex that by the time the connector is completed, it will have taken seven years and $650 million to build.

Subject Headings: Subways | Tunnels | Streets | Project management | Infrastructure | Financing | Construction management

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