Eutrophication and Recurrent Hypoxia in the New York Bight: A Synthesis of Historical Data and a Numerical Model of the 1976 Anoxic Event

by Andrew Stoddard, Creative Enterprises of No. Virginia, Inc, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Estuarine and Coastal Modeling


As a result of oceanographic programs conducted over the past four decades, a large historical data base is available, and has been used, to document areas of recurrent hypoxia and high rates of primary production within the nearshore New Jersey coast. The onset of algal blooms and hypoxia appears to be related to nutrient loading and the respective time scales for biological and chemical reaction rates in relation to time scales for wind forcing and flushing. A synthesis of historical data and data obtained from numerical simulation of the 1976 anoxic event is used to demonstrate the significance of physical forcing on the onset, persistence and termination of algal blooms and hypoxia, including the 1976 anoxic event in New Jersey.

Subject Headings: Numerical models | Eutrophication | Water quality | Water pollution | Load factors | Historic sites | Databases | United States | New York | New Jersey

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