Use of Ocean Resources Criteria for Marine Tourism Planning and Management

by Juanita C. Liu, Univ of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA,
Jan Auyong, Univ of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '87


A series of questionnaires and a modified weighting procedure developed by Gearing, Swart and Var were employed to obtain the ranking of ocean recreation criteria. An open-ended questionnaire was used to solicit what were appropriate criteria by users. These criteria were then classified and defined with a broad enough scope to incorporate the range of recreational activities. The major categories of criteria are: offshore characteristics, physical coastal characteristics, recreational development, recreational experience, and regional setting. Two pilot tests were conducted to ensure validity of the definitions, control and ranking procedures. Several questions on user conflicts and developmental aspects were included. The study is expected to show how users perceive and value marine resources with respect to their participation in various sports.

Subject Headings: Ocean engineering | Tourism | Resource management | Terminology and definition | Coastal environment | Water-based recreation | Surveys (non-geomatic) | Natural resources | Hawaii | United States

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