Remote Sensing of Estuarine Dynamics Using the NOAA Polar-Orbiting Weather Satellites

by Richard P. Stumpf, NOAA, Washington, DC, USA,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Hydraulic Engineering

Abstract: The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) onboard the NOAA-n series polar-orbiting weather satellites collects data that can be used to estimate surface water temperature and sediment concentrations, and to detect some changes in water color. The AVHRR can be used to identify and study various dynamic events in estuaries of moderate size, such as Chesapeake Bay and its major tributaries. Movement of water over a tidal cycle can be identified by comparing morning and afternoon images. Surficial circulation patterns induced by changes in river discharge and wind stress that occur over periods from one to several days can also be detected, allowing the potential use of this data in modeling of tidal estuarine systems.

Subject Headings: Estuaries | Satellites | Remote sensing | Federal government | Water circulation | Water discharge | Tides | Measuring instruments | Weather forecasting | Water management | Chesapeake Bay region

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