Impacts of Urban Runoff on Estuarine Ecosystemsby William E. Odum, Univ of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA,
Mark E. Hawley, Univ of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA,
Abstract: This paper first attempts to characterize the types of pollutants which could be expected to enter an estuary from urban runoff. Then, based on existing knowledge of the impacts of various types of pollutants on estuarine organisms and ecosystems, speculations are made concerning the potential impact of urban runoff on estuaries. Finally, some of the critical research questions which must be addressed in order to ameliorate the impacts of urban runoff are discussed.
Subject Headings: Runoff | Estuaries | Urban areas | Ecosystems | Municipal water | Pollutants | Organisms | Water pollution
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