Sustainable Development, Botswana Style

by Dennis M. Hattem, P.E., (M.ASCE), Gaborone, Botswana,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1997, Vol. 67, Issue 6, Pg. 56-57

Document Type: Feature article


A sustainable development project in Botswana, Africa, collected information on industrial wastes. Sustainable development is defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. One principle of sustainable development is to have stakeholders participate in these efforts. In this case, university students (stakeholders in Botswana's future) made physical surveys, interviewed company representatives and worked with professors, Botswana government officials and the German Technical Assistance Agency, analyzed the resulting data. The waste streams were characterized and quantified. The object was to assist the government to formulate regulations and technical guidelines for these wastes. Botswana's rapid industrialization has been followed by an equally rapid increase in wastes.

Subject Headings: Waste management | Sustainable development | Developing countries | Industrial wastes | Government | Students | Rivers and streams | Botswana | Africa

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