Soft Ground Improvement in Lowland and Other Environments

by D. T. Bergado, Assoc. Prof. of Geotechnical Engineering; Geotechnical & Transportation Engrg. Div., Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok, Thailand,
L. R. Anderson, Assoc. Dean; College of Engrg., Utah State Univ., Logan, Utah,
N. Miura, Dir.; Inst. of Lowland Technology, Saga Univ., Saga, Japan,
A. S. Balasubramaniam, Prof.; Geotechnical Engrg., Asian Inst. of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand,

American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, NY
978-0-7844-0151-4 (ISBN-13) | 0-7844-0151-9 (ISBN-10), 1996, Soft Cover, Pg. v, 427
26 cm
Out of Print: Not available at ASCE Bookstore.

Document Type: Book


The presence of thick deposits of soft clay combined with the effects of ground subsidence cause problems for engineering constructions for lowland areas such as the Central Plain (Chao Phraya) of Thailand. The ground subsidence is caused by the excessive extraction of ground water. To mitigate such natural geological hazards, different soil/ground improvement methods have been studied, namely: mechanically stabilized earth (MSE) embankments, granular or sand compaction piles, vertical drains, and the lime/cement deep mixing method. In view of their proven performance, durability, constructibility, short time schedule, and low costs, mechanically stabilized earth (MSE) or earth reinforcement techniques seem to be very suitable and favorable aboveground soil improvement methods of embankment fills on subsiding ground. This method can be most appropriately combined with the various belowground improvement techniques such as vertical drains, sand compaction piles, and the lime/cement deep mixing method. Thus, the combined aboveground soil improvement with belowground subsoil improvement schemes can be a viable alternative to the existing method of supporting earth embankments and landfills with precast concrete piles, which may prove detrimental and more expensive in a subsiding environment.

Subject Headings: Soil stabilization | Compacted soils | Soil mixing | Soft soils | Concrete piles | Sand (material) | Precast concrete | Thailand | Asia


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