Simulation of Unsaturated Zone Virus Transport Adjacent to Municipal Wells

by D. D. Adelman, (M.ASCE),
M. A. Tabidian,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: North American Water and Environment Congress & Destructive Water


The EPA proposed groundwater disinfection rule for municipal wells would allow exemptions if, among other options, the necessary virus source setback distance could be maintained to provide an 11-log reduction in virus concentrations. This study revealed necessary die-off could occur by travel through just the unsaturated zone for Nebraska wells.

Subject Headings: Viruses | Wells (water) | Municipal water | Local government | Groundwater pollution | Water treatment | Unsaturated flow | Nebraska | United States

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