Prediction of Low Level Vibration Induced Settlement

by Dong-Soo Kim, (A.M.ASCE), Polytechnic Univ, Brooklyn, United States,
Sergey Drabkin, (S.M.ASCE), Polytechnic Univ, Brooklyn, United States,
Anatoly Rokhvarger, Polytechnic Univ, Brooklyn, United States,
Debra Laefer, (A.M.ASCE), Polytechnic Univ, Brooklyn, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Vertical and Horizontal Deformations of Foundations and Embankments


A prediction model of vibration induced settlement was developed for small to intermediate vibration levels (0.25-1.78 cm/s). Seven factors affecting vibration induced settlement such as vibration amplitude, deviatoric stress, confining pressure, soil gradation, duration of vibration, relative density, and moisture content were considered. A special vibratory frame was designed to shake a soil sample within a triaxial cell. An experimental program was devised using a multi-factorial experimental design method, which allowed the investigation of many factors influencing settlement using a relatively small number of experiments. The settlements from the case histories matched the settlements calculated from the model. This demonstrated the potential usefulness of a mathematical model for the evaluation and prediction of the vibration induced, in-situ settlement of sands.

Subject Headings: Vibration | Soil settlement | Soil pressure | Soil stress | Soil water | Soil analysis | Mathematical models | Mathematics

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