Ecohydrological Processes in Almost Flat Wetlands

by Andr? J. M. Jansen, KIWA Research and Consultancy, Nieuwegein, Netherlands,
Cees Maas, KIWA Research and Consultancy, Nieuwegein, Netherlands,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Engineering Hydrology


In spite of their modest relief almost flat wetlands are able to maintain definite topographically driven groundwater flow systems. Large seepage areas create ecohydrological gradients which determine a flat wetland's vegetational variety, ranging from acid oligotrophic to base-rich mesotrophic. The authors give a theoretical explanation, underpinned by field evidence. Seepage faces are vulnerable to human interventions like groundwater withdrawal and land development. They show good prospects, however, of restoration.

Subject Headings: Groundwater flow | Wetlands (fresh water) | Hydrology | Ecosystems | Seepage | Land use | Ecological restoration

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