Environmental Considerations in Sustainable Development and the Application of Appropriate Technology

by Barbara A. Miller, Tennessee Valley Authority, Norris, United States,
Vahid Alavian, Tennessee Valley Authority, Norris, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Hydraulic Engineering


A fundamental appropriate technology concept is that technologies, as well as the development process, must be environmentally sound. As stated by the United Nations' World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED), 'Protection of the environment and promotion of economic development are not separate challenges. Development cannot subsist on a deteriorating environmental resources base and the environment cannot be protected when growth plans fail to consider the costs of environmental destruction...' (WCED, 1987). The framework for integrating the development process with resource conservation and environmental enhancement is provided by the concept of sustainable development. This paper provides an overview of sustainable development issues and examples relevant to water resources engineering.

Subject Headings: Sustainable development | Water resources | Water conservation | Economic factors | Water management | Deterioration | Benefit cost ratios | Hydraulic engineering | Africa

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