Appropriate Cost Factors for System Reliability

by P. Jacobs, Univ of Manitoba, Canada,
I. Goulter, Univ of Manitoba, Canada,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Optimizing the Resources for Water Management


This paper examines the development of appropriate costs to be associated with various levels of failure of water distribution networks and water supply systems. A clear distinction is made between 'hard', costs which are usually economic, and 'soft' costs normally associated with the social implications of the failure. As the disruption caused by a system failure increases these, 'soft' costs actually become hard and determine the response to the failure.

Subject Headings: System reliability | Benefit cost ratios | Failure analysis | Water supply systems | System analysis | Water supply | Economic factors | Social factors

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