Oil Platforms as Reefs: Oil and Fish CAN Mix

by Paul K. Driessen, US Dep of the Interior, Minerals, Management Service, Washington, DC, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '85


Offshore oil and gas production platforms function as excellent artificial reefs, providing a hard substrate for corals, bivalves and other sessile animals, as well as food and shelter for a wide variety of benthic, midwater and surface fish and invertebrates. The biological basis for this artificial reef phenomenon is presented, along with a summary of typical species associated with California and Gulf of Mexico platforms.

Subject Headings: Offshore platforms | Reefs and sills | Fish management | Ecosystems | Offshore structures | Water pollution | Wells (oil and gas) | Substrates | California | United States | Gulf of Mexico

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