Simulation of Rock Fracture with the 3-D SHALE Code

by B. D. Nichols, Los Alamos Natl Lab, Energy Div, Los, Alamos, NM, USA,
Thomas F. Adams, Los Alamos Natl Lab, Energy Div, Los, Alamos, NM, USA,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Rock Masses: Modeling of Underground Openings/Probability of Slope Failure/Fracture of Intact Rock


The 3-D SHALE code simulates the propagation of stress waves and the occurrence of fracture in brittle solids. The physical models and numerical methods in this code are similar to those used in 2-D SHALE. We describe the 3-D code and present sample calculations for blasting in oil shale with a single isolated charge, an infinite array of charges, and an isolated pair of charges. These calculations illustrate the use of the code to simulate dynamic phenomena in complex geometric configurations. Some useful code improvements and possible applications are discussed.

Subject Headings: Three-dimensional models | Cracking | Shale | Standards and codes | Numerical models | Two-dimensional models | Computer models | Stress waves

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