Bailey's Crossroads: A/E Liability Test

by Virginia Fairweather, Asst. Editor; Civil Engineering Magazine, ASCE World Headquarters, 345 East 47th Street, New York City, NY.,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1975, Vol. 45, Issue 11, Pg. 58-59

Document Type: Feature article


In March 1973, a 24-story reinforced concrete building under construction at Bailey's Crossroads, Va., partially collapsed causing a total collapse of an adjoining parking garage also under construction. Subsequent investigations into the failure are reviewed. The conclusion was that the collapse began as a shear failure in the 23rd floor slab, caused by premature removal of shoring between the 22nd and 23rd floors below the fresh concrete. Fourteen workers were killed in the collapse and 34 others injured. A federal jury awarded one disabled worker $500,000 in a lawsuit in which the architect and engineer were the defendants. Over thirty other lawsuits are under way. Some other legal implications are considered.

Subject Headings: Material failures | Shear failures | Liability | Reinforced concrete | Concrete construction | Parking facilities | Forensic engineering | Failure analysis

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