British New Towns and the Civil Engineer

by Tom Walsh, Chf. Engr.; Warrington New Town Dev. Corp., Warrington, England,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1975, Vol. 45, Issue 3, Pg. 84-86

Document Type: Feature article


Since World War II Britain has built or is building several dozen New Towns. The first, designed to absorb London's growth, pioneered with breakthroughs in housing layouts and pedestrian-oriented shopping areas. The second set, built 1955-65, which at 100,000 population is twice as big (the smaller ones could not support the infrastructure provided), and is tailored to today and their local environment (Cumberland is the first vehicle-conscious example, Runcorn is the rapid transit new town). Today the third set of new towns is under construction; about twice as big as the second set, each is different also in being based around an existing city and facing problems of industrial dereliction. Some unique problems and solutions at Warrington, the author's new town, are described.

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