The Mamala Bay Study, Oahu, Hawaii: Introductionby Gerald T. Orlob, (F.ASCE),
Camilla M. Saviz, (S.M.ASCE),
Jerry R. Schubel,
Rita R. Colwell,
Abstract: A comprehensive multi-disciplinary study was conducted to evaluate the effects of point and non-point source discharges on the water quality of Mamala Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. The investigation was conducted in the context of Integrated Coastal Management, an approach that takes a holistic view of the coastal system, placing a high value on human health, ecosystem integrity and on those values and uses important to society. The study was designed to identify the potential risks to human and ecosystem health in the aquatic environment; to characterize sources, composition and concentration of contaminants discharged to Marnala Bay; and to develop and select among alternative strategies those that can feasibly be implemented to reduce risks to acceptable levels. The study objectives and design are discussed in this paper.
Subject Headings: Bays | Health hazards | Water quality | Water discharge | Ecosystems | Coastal management | Feasibility studies | North America | Hawaii | United States
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