Water Quality Impacts of Dredging and Disposal Operations in Boston Harborby J. Craig Swanson, (M.ASCE),
Abstract: The Massachusetts Port Authority is presently planning a navigation improvement project in the port of Boston, consisting of dredging the 10.7 m (35 ft) deep channels and berths in the harbor to a 12.2 m (40 ft) depth. Some of the sediments to be dredged in the harbor are contaminated with elevated levels of toxic pollutants including metals and organics. Concern has been raised over the dredging and disposal of these sediments and their impact on water quality and marine biota and habitat. To address these issues, a state-of-the-art boundary fitted hydrodynaniic and pollutant transport model system linked with a GIS capability, WQMAP, was chosen. The model system uses a boundary conforming grid to map the model domain exactly to the coastline. Water column concentrations were determined for suspended sediments and various toxic constituents. Impacts from both dredging and disposal operations at various sites in the harbor were examined.
Subject Headings: Water quality | Ports and harbors | Dredging | Aquatic habitats | Pollutants | Domain boundary | Toxicity | North America | Massachusetts | United States | Boston
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