Recent Developments in Three-Dimensional Numerical Estuarine Models

by Ralph T. Cheng,
Peter E. Smith,
Vincenzo Casulli,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Hydraulic Engineering


For a fixed cost, computing power increases 5 to 10 times every five years. The readily available computing resources have inspired new modal formulations and innovative model applications. Significant progress has been advanced in three-dimensional numerical estuarine modeling within the past three or four years. This paper attempts to review and summarize properties of new 3-D estuarine hydrodynamic models. The emphasis of the review is placed on the formulation, numerical methods. The emphasis of the review is placed on the formulation, numerical methods, spatial and temporal resolution, computational efficiency, and turbulence closure of new models. Recent research has provided guidelines for the proper use of 3-D models involving in the σ-transformation. Other models resort to a fixed level discretization in the vertical. The semi-implicit treatment in time-stepping models appears to have gained momentum. Future research in three-dimensional numerical modeling remains to be on computational efficiency and turbulent closure.

Subject Headings: Computer models | Numerical models | Computing in civil engineering | Estuaries | Hydrodynamics | Simulation models | Hydrologic models | Three-dimensional models

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