Relation of Local Scour to Hydraulic Properties at Selected Bridges in New Yorkby Gerard K. Butch, U.S Geological Survey, Albany, United States,
Abstract: Hydraulic properties, bridge geometry, and basin characteristics at 31 bridges in New York are being investigated to identify factors that affect local scour. Streambed elevations measured by the U.S. Geological Survey and New York State Department of Transportation are used to estimate local-scour depth. Data that show zero or minor scour were included in the analysis to decrease bias and to estimate hydraulic properties related to local scour. The maximum measured local scour at the 31 bridges for a single peak flow was 5.4 feet, but the deepening of scour holes at two sites to 6.1 feet and 7.8 feet by multiple peak flows could indicate that the number or duration of high flows is a factor. Local scour at a pier generally increased as the recurrence interval (magnitude) of the discharge increased, but the correlation between local-scour depth and recurrence interval was inconsistent among study sites. For example, flows with a 2-year recurrence interval produced 2 feet of local scour at two sites, whereas a flow with a recurrence interval produced 2 feet of local scour at two sites, whereas a flow with a recurrence interval of 50 years produced only 0.5 feet of local scour at another site. Local-scour depth increased with water depth, stream velocity, and Reynolds number but did not correlate well with bed-material size, Froude number, pier geometry, friction slope, or several other hydraulic and basin characteristics.
Subject Headings: Scour | Hydraulic properties | Bridges | Flow measurement | Hydraulic structures | Basins | Flow duration | Geometrics | North America | United States | New York
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