Rural Applications of IVHSby Charles E. Wallace, Univ of FL Transportation Research, Center, Gainesville, United States,
Andrew K. Kilpatrick, Univ of FL Transportation Research, Center, Gainesville, United States,
Abstract: The Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems (IVHS) program in the U.S.A. is understandably directed primarily toward urbanized areas where congestion is highest. Despite having somewhat less than in the majority of traveled miles, more than a majority of fatal accidents occur on rural highways. Rural facilities, whether they be high-type, access controlled highways or two-lane country roads, have particular problems that distinguish driving on these facilities from urban travel. Higher speeds, dimly-lit or totally unlit roadways, highly variable geometrics, low volumes, high percentages of trucks, farm vehicles, driver incapacitation- all these and more pose special demands on drivers that IVHS in the urban setting will do little to help. Additionally, when there is a crash, emergency response is often far less timely than in urban areas.
Subject Headings: Intelligent transportation systems | Rural areas | Vehicles | Urban areas | Traffic accidents | Highways and roads | Geometrics | Driver behavior
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