Environmental Impacts of Human Activities on the Coastal Areas of Nigeria

by Peter C. Nwilo, Univ of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria,
Anthonia Onuoha, Univ of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastlines of Western Africa

Abstract: Nigeria has a coastline of approximately 800 km and the coastal areas support a myriad of economic activities as well as a large population. This paper reviews the geology, geomorphology, topography, climate, and vegetation of the Nigerian coastal areas as well as the economic development activities of this region. Such human activities as fluid withdrawn, pollution, construction works, deforestation, to mention but a few have caused varying degrees of environmental degradations. The impacts of these human activities are discussed in detail and mitigation measures suggested.

Subject Headings: Environmental issues | Developing countries | Human factors | Coastal environment | Economic factors | Chemical degradation | Shores | Population projection | Nigeria | Africa

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