Bulgarian Coastal Managementby Boyan Savov, SLINE Consultancy, Varna, Bulgaria,
Plamena Borissova, SLINE Consultancy, Varna, Bulgaria,
Abstract: This paper responds to the call of the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development for sustainable and economically-sound development and use of the world's natural resources. The global changes on the Earth, such as sea level rise require coordinated action worldwide. The human impact on coastal environment is reaching the critical point where the eutrophication becomes irreversible. Since there are no borders for the pollution each country must utilize the modern principles for integrated coastal management in its own coastal policy. The Bulgarian coastal policy has developed as a costly strategy aimed to protect structures, highways, and land improvements from coastal erosion and landslides. The last decade saw significant investments to that effect without providing any relationships with the economic development and related impacts on the environment. The concern about coastal stability alone should not be a top priority. No matter how stable it is, the coast, if polluted, loses its value. Twenty years ago the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast was a much more desirable place for living and recreation than it is now. There was very little protection, but very little pollution as well.
Subject Headings: Coastal management | Coastal environment | Highway and road structures | Economic factors | Pollution | Sustainable development | Natural resources | Black Sea | Bulgaria | Europe
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