Earthquake Countermeasures for Lifelines in the Central and Eastern United Statesby T. D. O'Rourke, Cornell Univ, Ithaca, United States,
Abstract: Seismic hazards affecting petroleum transmission systems in the Central U.S. and water and gas distribution systems in the Eastern U.S. are discussed. Experience during previous earthquakes is summarized for petroleum transmission pipelines, and used to delineate the main seismic and geotechnical factors which could affect the performance of petroleum transmission systems in the Midwest. Examples of earthquake countermeasures and system improvements are presented for petroleum transmission pipelines in the Central U.S., and for New York City gas and water distribution networks.
Subject Headings: Earthquakes | Gas pipelines | Petroleum | Pipe networks | Lifeline systems | Power transmission | Water supply systems | Water pipelines | North America | United States | Mid-West states | New York | New York City
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