Inspection Planning for Surface Fatigue Cracksby P. Friis-Hansen, Technical Univ of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark,
H. O. Madsen, Technical Univ of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark,
Abstract: A reliability based method for planning of inspections to detect surface fatigue cracks is presented. Cracks are described as semi-elliptical surface cracks. The conditions governing fatigue crack growth are uncertain, and the probabilistic method handles uncertainties in e.g. materials properties, initial defect characteristics and loading conditions. The design criterion is expressed through a limiting value for the probability that the crack depth exceeds a critical value during the design life time or between two inspections. Fulfillment of this criterion is obtained by a combination of design specification and in service inspection to detect possible growing cracks. Inspection methods aiming at detecting surface breaking cracks are considered, and the reliability of an inspection method is expressed through the probability of detecting a crack of a certain length. The inspection plan is updated after each inspection to take account of the additional information gained.
Subject Headings: Cracking | Inspection | Fatigue (material) | Detection methods | Probability | Uncertainty principles | Defects and imperfections
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