An Overview of Segmented Offshore/Headland Breakwater Projects Constructed by the Buffalo Districtby Thomas Bender, US Army Engineer District, Buffalo, United States,
Abstract: Since 1977 the Buffalo District has constructed three segmented offshore breakwater projects and currently has one under construction. In addition, the District has recently completed a headland breakwater project and has awarded construction of another. All of the projects are located on the Lake Erie shoreline in the states of Ohio and Pennsylvania. Segmented offshore breakwaters and artificial headlands are popular for shoreline stabilization within the Buffalo District due to a large sand deficiency along the vast majority of the District's shoreline and the need to establish beaches for both erosion control and recreational purposes. These projects are being constructed with a high degree of success and have been well received. This paper presents a brief overview of the background, design, and performance to date of each of the five completed or nearly completed projects plus gives a brief description of a sixth project to be constructed in 1992.
Subject Headings: Breakwaters | Offshore construction | Offshore structures | Shoreline | Coastal management | Sand (hydraulic) | Lakes | Soil stabilization | North America | United States | Pennsylvania | Ohio | New York | Lake Erie
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