A Storm Water Management Model for Grand Rapids, Michiganby Khamis A. Al-Omari, Black & Veatch, Detroit, United States,
David W. Upmeyer, Black & Veatch, Detroit, United States,
Abstract: In 1989, the City of Grand Rapids, Michigan, engaged Black & Veatch to conduct a comprehensive study of its combined sewer system with two primary objectives: (1) to relieve basement backups and local flooding problems, and (2) to comply with the requirements of its renewed National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permit, issued in September 1988. Black & Veatch completed this study on October 1, 1990. A major component of the study was developing and calibrating a Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) to evaluate the sewer system's response to rainfall; to determine runoff volumes and peaks; and to identify undersized sewers in the combined sewer area. This paper presents the results of modeling the City's combined sewer system.
Subject Headings: Stormwater management | Water management | Combined sewers | Hydrologic models | Rainfall-runoff relationships | Rain water | Water discharge | Runoff | Urban areas | Michigan | North America | United States
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