Strategic Sanitation Planningby Richard N. Middleton, Kalbermatten Associates Inc, Washington, United States,
John M. Kalbermatten, Kalbermatten Associates Inc, Washington, United States,
Abstract: Conventional sewerage has generally been the only method considered for human waste and wastewater disposal in urban areas, both in developed and developing countries. In developing countries, the high cost of this approach has resulted in the vast majority of people not having access to waste disposal facilities. There are a number of less costly alternatives, some based on on-site disposal, some on water-borne systems. Planning and implementing multi-technology solutions requires an approach different from sewerage master-planning, and has to include the active participation of the user community. This approach is Strategic Sanitation Planning (Wright & Courtney, 1985).
Subject Headings: Sewers | Waste disposal | Developing countries | Water treatment plants | Municipal wastes | Urban development | Waste sites | Human factors
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