Problems with Irrigation Technology Transfer in Latin Americaby Karen G. Paur, New Mexico State Univ, United States,
Paul H. Huntsberger, New Mexico State Univ, United States,
Abstract: Over the last thirty years there has been a significant drop in agricultural production in Latin America, despite the fact that agricultural, irrigation and drainage projects receive about a quarter of the United States' total lending, equalling approximately 28 billion dollars. During the 1960's the series of land reforms that swept Latin America redistributed land holdings in an attempt to encourage intensive agricultural production by the small-farmer, on lands that were often left fallow on large estates. Unfortunately, the landholdings received by small-farmers were of the poorest quality, requiring a high degree of technology in order to be productive. This paper focuses on some of the problems created by the land reform in Latin America, specifically in Ecuador, Peru, and Honduras, as well as the problems encountered in the transfer of appropriate technology in irrigation.
Subject Headings: Irrigation | Developing countries | Irrigation water | Agriculture | Land use | Environmental issues | Drainage | South America | Central America | Peru | North America | Honduras | United States | Ecuador
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