Reservoir Releases Improvements—Requiem for Integrating Pollution Control and Resource Management Programs?by John S. Crossman, TVA, Knoxville, TN, USA,
Abstract: To better define the interrelationships between economic growth and development, pollution control, and water resource management, TVA conducted two studies that examined how reservoir operations influenced the attainment of water quality goals and objectives. The first study involved a highly developed stream segment near Kingsport, Tennessee. The stream reach was also located immediately downstream of Fort Patrick Henry Dam. This exploratory analysis modeled various pollution control strategies to meet predetermined dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations. The results indicated that innovative techniques, e. g. , aeration at the dam, flow augmentation, and/or in-stream aeration, had annual costs at least an order of magnitude lower than advanced waste treatment systems. The second study examined the impact of reservoir operations on economic growth and development with particular emphasis on the siting of new industries, recreation, and municipal waste treatment. Although it was not possible to quantify the value of all recreational activities and new industrial growth, it was possible to estimate the value of municipal waste treatment and fishery benefits.
Subject Headings: Resource management | Water resources | Water pollution | Water quality | Water treatment plants | Water-based recreation | Water supply systems | Reservoirs | Municipal water | Pollution | North America | Tennessee | United States
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