Mesonets--A Solution to Improving Flood Forecastingby Eugene A. Stallings, Natl Weather Service, Silver Spring, MD, USA,
Abstract: Floods continue to cause major destruction annually despite the efforts of Federal water resources agencies. Improved flood forecasts can reduce flood damages and corresponding loss of life, but necessary resources are not available on a nationwide basis. This paper discusses how the use of mesonets can help. Mesonets for the purpose of flood forecasting are networks of hydrological stations of sufficient density to sample rainfall and stream conditions in real time that adequately describe events as they occur. A mesonet can vary from a sophisticated comprehensive project like the Susquehanna River Basin project or an IFLOWS for a portion of one community in one state.
Subject Headings: Floods | Forecasting | Flow measurement | Water resources | Rivers and streams | Streamflow | Federal government | Damage (structural)
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