An Overview of Factors Affecting Land Application of Food Processing Wastes

by William F. Ritter, Univ of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Irrigation Systems for the 21st Century

Abstract: The food processing industry can use slow rate, rapid infiltration or overland flow systems. Slow rate systems are the most common method used for land application. The limiting design parameter for most food processing wastes is either the hydraulic loading rate, nitrogen, salinity or sodium adsorption ratio. Crops may be selected on the basis of economic return, hydraulic loading rate or nitrogen uptake rate. All types of land treatment systems require some monitoring to manage the system and to make sure the system is meeting treatment requirements.

Subject Headings: Industrial wastes | Hydraulic loads | Soil treatment | Infiltration | Overland flow | Hydraulic design | Loading rates | Nitrogen

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