Roughness Coefficients of Large Floodsby Douglas J. Trieste, US Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, CO, USA,
Robert D. Jarrett, US Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, CO, USA,
Abstract: Most hydraulic calculations of flow in channels and overbank areas require an evaluation of flow resistance generally expressed as Manning's roughness coefficient, n. Literature is available for estimating n for discharges that generally are within the main channel. However, little information and guidance are available for estimating n for large out-of-bank floods including dam-break floods. This paper presents factors affecting n for large floods and presents information in support of n typically being underestimated. An approach is presented for estimating n, based on the Froude number. The basis of this approach is that Froude numbers are less than 1, because supercritical flow, except for very short distances, generally does not occur in the natural environment.
Subject Headings: Floods | Hydraulic roughness | Flow resistance | Channel flow | Information management | Froude number | Fluid flow | Load and resistance factor design
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