Calculating Runaway Pressure Surges in Small Hydro Unitsby E. John List, California Inst of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA,
Abstract: Determination of the runaway speed and concomitant pressure surges requires consideration of both the turbine rotodynamics and the waterhammer equations. In this paper a simplified method of analysis is demonstrated that enables a rapid calculation of the pressure surges created and the turbine runaway speed. A comparison with results of detailed computer-derived solutions shows the method to be very reliable, and that runaway-induced surges can be significant for some pump units used as turbines.
Subject Headings: Turbines | Pumps | Hydraulic models | Hydrologic models | Water hammer | Comparative studies | Computing in civil engineering | Hydraulic pressure
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