The Cost of Regulatory Concerns Associated with Petroleum Development in the Arcticby Roderick W. Hoffman, ARCO Alaska Inc, Anchorage, AK, USA,
W. Pat Metz, ARCO Alaska Inc, Anchorage, AK, USA,
Kevin C. Myers, ARCO Alaska Inc, Anchorage, AK, USA,
Abstract: During the late 1970's and early 1980's, petroleum resources were developed in the central Alaskan arctic coastal zone. Governmental agencies mandated to protect these biological resources required impact mitigation measures in various project designs and implementations. The agencies also required studies to determine actual project impacts and the effectiveness of the mitigation measures. The studies would presumably increase knowledge of impacts and the success of mitigation efforts. After more than a decade of development and extensive studies, agreement on impacts and mitigation still escapes agencies and industry in many areas. To a certain degree this stems from a fundamental difference in study interpretation. This lack of agreement casts serious doubts as to the validity and utility of the existing permitting and the impact mitigation process.
Subject Headings: Petroleum | Coastal processes | Agreements and treaties | Coastal environment | Biological processes | Industries | Arctic | North America | Alaska | United States
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