Contributions of Oil and Gas Environmental Reviews to Coastal Zone Management in Canadaby David W. I. Marshall, Federal Environmental Assessment, Review Office, Vancouver, BC, Canada,
Larry D. S. Wolfe, Federal Environmental Assessment, Review Office, Vancouver, BC, Canada,
Paul F. Scott, Federal Environmental Assessment, Review Office, Vancouver, BC, Canada,
Abstract: This paper begins with a description of the environments and the patterns of settlement along the coasts of Canada. It then discusses coastal zone management frameworks in Canada focussing on the jurisdictional problems which impede the establishment of effective coastal planning processes. It then reviews the scope of offshore petroleum resources and the impetus the existence of these resources provides for industrial activity in Canada's offshore areas. An overview is given of EARP reviews of offshore oil and gas proposals, along with an analysis of some common themes and issues which have arisen in these reviews relating to coastal zone planning. Finally, the paper reviews recommendations and management solutions which have emerged from these reviews and how these have improved the foundation for coastal zone management in Canada.
Subject Headings: Coastal management | Coastal processes | Environmental issues | Wells (oil and gas) | Offshore platforms | Non-renewable energy | Coastal environment | North America | Canada | Georgia | United States
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