Federalism and Federal Consistency: The State Perspectiveby Timothy Eichenberg, California Coastal Commission, CA, USA,
Abstract: Since 1972, an effective federal-state partnership has been operating to manage our nation's coastal resources under the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA). But the federal agency charged with implementing the CZMA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), once its strongest proponent, has recently adopted policies that undermine the partnership. This paper reviews these policies, such as NOAA's position on litigation limiting state authority, appeals of state objections to the Secretary of Commerce under the federal consistency provisions of the CZMA, and efforts to implement state Coastal Zone Management Programs. This new approach is compared with the objectives and purposes of the CZMA and the administration's general views on federalism.
Subject Headings: Federal government | Coastal management | Resource management | Litigation
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