Effect of African Drought on Water Resource Management in Egyptby Scot E. Smith, Ohio State Univ, Columbus, OH, USA,
Keith W. Bedford, Ohio State Univ, Columbus, OH, USA,
Abstract: 1980 marked the beginning of the worst drought to hit the Sahel and east Africa in 70 years. The consequences of the drought were compounded by inappropriate farming methods, bureaucratic insensitivity and inaction, over-exploitation of land by a country that is overpopulated, and the basic infertility of the soil. This paper looks at the ways in which Egypt was affected by the drought in terms of the availability of water and the constructive measures that should be implemented to insure the very survival of the people and country in the event of a new drought.
Subject Headings: Water resources | Resource management | Droughts | Developing countries | Water conservation | Rivers and streams | Agriculture | Africa | Egypt | Nile River
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