Installation of the Port of Singapore's SPM Systemby Philip N. F. Wah, Port of Singapore Authority, Singapore,
A. S. Rajendra, Port of Singapore Authority, Singapore,
R. Radhakrishnan, Port of Singapore Authority, Singapore,
A. C. Toh, Port of Singapore Authority, Singapore,
Abstract: To achieve an increase in refining capacity from 70,000 barrels per day to 170,000 barrels per day, a local oil refining company entered into an agreement with the Port of Singapore Authority (PSA) to study the feasibility of installing a Single Point Mooring (SPM) Terminal to off-load crude oil from VLCCs to the refinery. This paper describes the feasibility studies, design and installation of an SPM System which was installed in November 1980 within a period of 18 months.
Subject Headings: Ports and harbors | Petroleum refining | Feasibility studies | Mooring | Petroleum | Agreements and treaties | Harbor facilities | Pipeline design | Asia | Singapore
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