Constitutive Equations for Ice as a Damaging Materialby Dale G. Karr, MIT, Dep of Ocean Engineering, Cambridge, MA, USA,
Abstract: Constitutive equations for ice subjected to uniaxial compression are developed based on applications of the theory of continuous damage mechanics. A physical model of ice deformation response is proposed which reflects the interaction of elastic, viscous and brittle deformation processes. Stress/strain/strain-rate relations for isotropic polycrystalline ice and sea ice are presented in which the salient features of typical stress-strain curves and creep curves can be predicted.
Subject Headings: Ice | Constitutive relations | Deformation (mechanics) | Curvature | Seas and oceans | Elastic analysis | Physical models | Compression | Arctic
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