Arctic Oil Spills in Relationship to Sea Ice Motionby Warren W. Denner, Science Applications Int Corp, Monterey, CA, USA,
James K. Lewis, Science Applications Int Corp, Monterey, CA, USA,
Abstract: Sea ice on a scale of a few kilometers must be treated as a granular material rather than a continuum. The floes are in nearly constant motion relative to a fixed frame and each other. Presented are techniques for representing the components of motion - translation, divergence, vorticity, shear and normal deformation, and discuss the importance of this representation in dealing with oil spills in ice covered waters.
Subject Headings: Hazardous materials spills | Ice | Seas and oceans | Motion (dynamics) | Water pollution | Shear deformation | Granular materials | Arctic
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