River Ice Cover Cracking for Various Boundary Conditions
The breakup of river ice covers is commonly initiated by the formation of cracks parallel to river banks. These cracks usually result from a change in the water level due to a rapid rising...

A Mechanistic Approach to Pavement Design for Nome Airport
The analysis of performance and design of the pavement structure for the North-South runway at Nome Airport is based on the mechanistic approach. In the mechanistic approach, calculated...

Treatment of Unstable Foundation Areas in Alaska's Pavement Management System
In the State of Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities Pavement Management System (PMS) unstable foundation areas are defined as sections of roadway that experience...

Recommended Cold Regions Meteorological Instrumentation
For nearly 30 years, CRREL has studied environmental conditions in winter weather. These efforts have concentrated on providing field-measured meteorological data and historical climatological...

Flow and Transport Around a Noncontinuous Horizontal Layer at Yucca Mountain
Computer simulations were used to examine the effect of a noncontinuous horizontal layer on the flow field and contaminant transport of a simplified conceptual model. The domain consisted...

An Alternative Method to Mariotte Reservoir System for Maintaining Constant Hydraulic Pressure
Several problems with the Mariotte reservoir system were discovered when it was used to apply a constant water pressure as a boundary condition for a prolonged period. The constant-pressure...

Effect of Camera Geometry on Thermographs for Pavement Crack Detection
The research focused on the effects of camera heights and tilt angles on the ability to detect cracks in thermographs obtained with an infrared camera. Results indicate that differences...

Utilization of Weather Radar for Hydrologic Forecasting
New technologies to collect, analyze, store, retrieve and display hydrologic data offer significant improvements to conventional methodologies used for predicting hydrologic events. Computer...

Using Climate Model Output to Assess the Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources
The use of general circulation models (GCMs) to provide climate data for regional assessments of the impacts of changing climate on water resources stretches the limits of what the models...

A Comparison of Accuracies of Steady Water Surface Profiles
The author compares the effect of varying boundary conditions and cross sectional spacing on one dimensional steady water surface profiles. Six streams are modeled using both the 10 and...

Uncertainty in Urban Hydrologic Modeling
Uncertainty is pervasive in hydrologic modeling. Uncertainty is present in the formulation of the physical situation to be modeled, in the form of the model to be used, in the boundary...

Time-Domain Transmitting Boundary Condition in Fluid-Structure Interaction Studies
One of the major difficulties in the nonlinear analyses of fluid-structure interactions has been the lack of exact expressions for the transmitting boundary in the time domain. Researchers...

On the Solution of Plates and Shells Mixed Boundary Problems
Strain-stress state analysis on plates and shells under mixed boundary conditions is of significant practical value: a lot of problems, arisen in machine design, civil engineering etc.,...

Flexural and Extensional Motion of Moderately Thick Laminated Composite Plates
A general theory of flexural and extensional motion of moderately thick laminated composite plates is developed for linear elastic materials and small deformation. Interlaminar stresses...

Plate Load and Pressuremeter Testing in Saprolite
On the island of Oahu, Hawaii, an exploratory tunnel for the Interstate Route H-3 highway was completed in December 1989. The purpose of the exploratory tunnel was two-fold; first to locate...

The Weathering of Spilled Crude Oil in Coastal Water Environment
A research project was conducted at the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) in order to study the long-term behaviour of spilled crude oil in the brackish water under cold and icy...

A Flow Forecasting System for Hydro Power
The flow forecasting system comprises a network of meteorological stations, a weather forecasting model, and a watershed hydrologic model, implemented in a microcomputer. The meteorological...

Erosion Potential of Pacific Basin Precipitation
Average annual erosivity (EI) values were developed using 20 years of hourly precipitation data from weather stations located on each of 10 Pacific Basin islands. Average annual erosivity...

Common Mistakes in Model Applications
To apply models to groundwater problems, the hydrologist generally uses the following three-phased approach: (1) system conceptualization, (2) history matching (or model calibration),...

A Design for Automated Pavement Crack Sealing
An automated crack sealing system can have substantial economic benefits including reduced labor costs, improved quality, and improved safety. While automating crack sealing is technically...

 

 

 

 

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