Evaluation of IA SWAT Testing Protocol for ET Controllers
In recent years the Irrigation Association (IA) has developed a testing protocol for Smart Water Application Technologies (SWAT). These technologies consist of irrigation controllers such...

Enhancing the Solution of Large Monitoring Network Design Problems Using a New Epsilon-Dominance Hierarchical Bayesian Optimization Algorithm
Designing long-term monitoring (LTM) networks for contaminated groundwater is a challenging problem that has long been recognized to suffer from the curse of dimensionality. LTM design...

Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) and Nitrogen Conversions in the Groundwater Environment
EPA's regulatory focus on concentrated animal feeding operations has historically concentrated on potential surface water impacts from direct discharges as well as nutrient-laden runoff....

Water for Life: Have Improvements in Water and Wastewater Infrastructure along the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo Affected the Lives of Mexico and Texas Border Residents?
Prior to 1990 the poor communities along the Mexico/US border did have not have comparable waterand wastewater infrastructure investments that exist in other US cities. The explosion of...

Summary of Approaches for Estimating Playa Lake Flooding
Playa, or terminal, lakes are common in semi- and arid environments; and their characteristic level, hard, and usually dry surfaces make them ideal for airports, as they are used in the...

A Decision Framework for Stormwater Control in Urbanized Watersheds
Historically, urban growth occurred around water bodies due to factors such as easy access to transportation, water supply, and drainage. With the expanded transportation network along...

Effects of Impervious Area Estimation Methods on Simulated Peak Discharges
The variability of simulated flood discharges is evaluated using two methods for estimating impervious surfaces and common design methods in the Mission Creek watershed (31 sq km) located...

Probabilistic Analysis of Long-Term Aquifer Recharge
Long-term time series of aquifer recharge and other aquifer fluxes (aquifer discharge, groundwater extraction) are essential to monitor and understand aquifer processes. This paper presents...

Public Policy
Back matter pages come after the papers or chapters in a published work. This back matter contains an appendix....

Optimization of Well Placement in Groundwater Long Term Monitoring Networks
Long Term Monitoring (LTM) networks play critical roles in tracking the migration of contaminants in groundwater, evaluating the efficiency of the existing remediation techniques, and...

History of the USDA-ARS Experimental Watersheds on the Washita River, Oklahoma
A national experimental watershed network, operated by the Agricultural Research Service of the US Department of Agriculture, was established in 1959 to conduct research on the effects...

Challenges in Drinking Water Distribution Systems Security Modeling
This paper is on challenges in drinking water distribution systems security modeling connected to OCMS, addressing research and practical issues coming-out from two recent activities which...

Hurricane Katrina
This chapter provides an overview of Hurricane Katrina, including data on its category, its path and intensity, and its effect on wind and water forces....

Characterization of Particle Class Sizes Associated with Indicator Organisms in Stormwater
The presence of pathogen indicators is the leading cause of water body impairment in the United States, accounting for over 15% of the waters currently requiring TMDL development (USEPA,...

Simulation/Optimization Modeling Post-Audits
S/O models have long been used to compute optimal strategies for user-specified optimization problems. It is useful to provide a retrospective of two S/O modeling applications, and how...

Characterizing the Pathways and Characteristics of Nutrients Discharging from Ground-Water to Surface Water
Any investigation of surface-water quality for a lake or pond requires accurate estimates of the contributing contaminant or nutrient loads. In many cases, inflow from the adjacent ground...

Characterization of Interaction of Surface Water and Groundwater in the El Paso Lower Valley of Texas
El Paso is located in the Chihuahua desert and prone to long periods of extreme drought. With the river drought, regional irrigation districts only received 34% and 38%of a full water...

Drinking Water Distribution Systems: A Dual-Use Vision for Implementing an Environmental Observatory for an Engineered System
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), under Homeland Security Presidential Directive 7, has been tasked as the lead federal agency in protecting water infrastructure in the U.S....

Biological Nutrient Removal (BNR) Operation in Wastewater Treatment Plants
Biological Nutrient Removal (BNR) Operation Wastewater Treatment Plants instructs readers in the theory, equipment, and practical techniques needed to optimize BNR in varied environments,...

Summary and Analysis of Findings
The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overall perspective of water resources planning being conducted in the fifty states of the United States. Commonalities, variances, and highlights...

 

 

 

 

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