Oxygen Transfer in Full Lift Hypolimnetic Aeration Systems
A series of experiments were conducted to examine the effect of diffuser depth, diffuser orifice diameter and separator box surface area on oxygen transfer (mg/L), daily oxygen load (kg...

Water Surface Flow and Exchange Induced by a Bubble Plume
Aeration is a common method to increase dissolved oxygen in the water of stratified (or non-stratified) lakes. In this method compressed air is injected at some depth, and gas is transferred...

Diffusion Barrier Transport Properties of Unsaturated Paintbrush Tuff Rubble Backfill
Diffusion coefficients (D) were experimentally determined in unsaturated tuff gravel to evaluated the effectiveness of tuff gravel and rubble as a diffusion barrier to ionic transport...

Diffusion Coefficients and Hydraulic Conductivity in Unsaturated Hanford Soils and Sediments
Two groundwater transport parameters of some Hanford formation materials, the hydraulic conductivity and the diffusion coefficient, were measured to aid in predicting contaminant migration....

Bay-Wide Model Studies for the Boston Ocean Outfall Siting
Oceanographic data and numerical models were used to evaluate candidate diffuser sites to discharge effluent from Boston's planned secondary treatment plant. The study showed...

Advection-Diffusion Calibration of Dissolved Oxygen
Modifications of J.J. Leendertse's water-quality model for improving calculations of dissolved oxygen concentrations in Jamaica Bay, New York, are discussed. Changes to the...

Biofilm Surface Positioning

Experimental and Model Study of Soil-Venting

Application of the U.S.G.S. DHM for Floodplain Analysis
The two-dimensional Diffusion Hydrodynamic Model, DHM, is applied to the evaluation of floodplain depths resulting from an overflow of a leveed river. The environmental concerns of flood...

Thermal Plumes from Staged Diffusers into a Uniform Quiescent Environment
The behavior of thermal plumes from staged multiport diffusers was investigated experimentally. The three-dimensional temperature distribution was measured by scanning thermistor rakes...

In-Stream Thermal-Regime Analysis for Powerplant Coolant Dispersion
A steam-tube dispersion model has been adapted to real-time simulation of heat dispersion in a 7-mile reach of the Des Plaines River below Joliet Power Station. Direct feedback control...

Development of Suspended Sediment Concentration Profiles
This paper deals with the adjustment of suspended sediment concentration profiles in a fully developed, steady, uniform two-dimensional turbulent open channel flow without initial sediment...

Comparison of Correction Factor for Dispersion Coefficient Based on Entropy and Logarithmic Velocity Profiles
Recently, new velocity distribution equations have been developed by Chiu (1987, 1989) through the use of maximum entropy principle. A comparison will be made of the correction factor...

Diffusion Wave Overland Flow Module
This paper documents the diffusion-wave overland flow module contained in the FORTRAN-callable routine OVERLAND. Subjects covered include the theoretical background, model formulation,...

Solving Turbulent Flows with Finite Elements
A finite element computer code using the q - r turbulence model is applied to turbulent flow under a sluice gate. The addition and slow removal of artificial diffusion enhances convergence....

Three-Dimensional Modelling of Recirculation Behind a Groyne
Extensive investigation on the three-dimensional flow patterns behind a groyne have been carried out in a small-scale experiment. A three-dimensional hydrodynamic numerical model is verified...

Effects of Turbulence on Price AA Meter Rotors
Field and laboratory studies were conducted during 1988 and 1989 by the U.S. Geological survey to determine the effect of turbulence on the performance of price AA meter rotors. Two different...

Shear Instabilities in Stratified Flow

Rotating Hydraulics

Hydrodynamic Phase Diagrams for Microstructure in Stratified Flows

 

 

 

 

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