Torsion of Reinforced Concrete -A Historical Overview
The story of torsion of reinforced concrete must start with the French professor, C. L. Navier. In his landmark book (Navier, 1826) he rigorously derived the first rational theory for...

Overview of Structural Behavior of Members Subjected to Torsion
The torsion strength of concrete beams depends on many factors, such as the amount of reinforcement, the volumetric ratios of longitudinal and transverse steel bars, the concrete strength,...

Advances in Analytical Modeling of Torsional Members
The basic formula for calculating the torsional strength of reinforced concrete members was developed by Rausch (1929) using the space truss concept. Unfortunately, Rausch's equation may...

Members Subjected to Torsion Combined with Other Actions
The combination of torsion with bending and shear (T-M-V) in members with both transverse and longitudinal reinforcement is the most commonly encountered combination in practical cases....

Detailing and Design Examples for Torsional Members
The nature of the internal force flow in a concrete member subject to torsion brings about both longitudinal and transverse force components. The resulting tension brought about by the...

Criteria for Acceptable Wind-Induced Motions
This paper discusses criteria for evaluating acceptable wind-induced building motions. The paper draws on the results of moving room experiments and the performance of actual buildings...

Response Study of a Flexible Building Using Three Earthquake Records
This paper examines the response of a flexible building during three earthquakes. The records from the building are long and contain low frequencies. The site frequency (0.33-0.38 Hz)...

Evaluation of Code Accidental-Torsion Provisions Using Earthquake Records from Buildings
Building code provisions for accidental torsion are evaluated from analysis of earthquake-induced motions of three nominally-symmetric-plan buildings. The results demonstrate that the...

Improved Torsional Analysis Procedure for Single Story Structures Subjected to Seismic Motion
An analytical procedure is developed that enables designers utilizing the UBC planar lateral force procedure to accurately account for the additional lateral response due to torsion without...

Orthotropic Rigidities of Curved Concrete Waffle Slabs
Analytical expressions are derived for predicting the flexural and torsional rigidities during the pre-cracking and post-cracking stages for horizontally- curved waffle slab structures....

Comparative Evaluation of Plasticity Theories Against Tension-Torsion Test at Finite Strain
This paper investigates and evaluates three hardening theories against a variety of nonproportional loading experiments on tubes made of annealed copper. It was concluded that the isotropic...

Performance of Unreinforced Masonry Buildings During the Newcastle Earthquake, Australia
On December 28, 1989, an earthquake of Richter magnitude 5.6 shook the city of Newcastle. Newcastle is situated on the east coast of Australia only 100km north of Sydney. Eleven deaths...

Response Variability of Isolated Structure Due to Randomness of Isolation Devices
Effect of randomness of restoring characteristics of an isolation device, which is considered to result from the randomness of material properties, configuration and setting error, on...

Lateral Buckling of Beams: General Considerations
The paper presents a solution for the elastic, lateral-torsional buckling of beams under unequal end moments using Worthington's method of superposition of modes involving...

Torsion Rigid Gates and Their Hoisting Mechanisms
In Europe, installation of modern, steel, 'torsion-rigid', radial (tainter) gates and flaps, operated by one or more hydraulic hoists usually situated at the...

Planar Space Structures
This paper describes a construction system which has a number of practical advantages for the development of space structures. It uses relatively thin materials folded into interpenetrated...

Maximum Response of Buildings to Multi-Seismic Input
The paper presents a technique of determining the maximum response of a torsionally-translationally coupling structure subjected to three ground translational components. It was found...

Wind Loads and Building Response Predictions Using Force Balance Techniques
The use of force balance techniques to measure mean and dynamic wind loads on models of buildings and structures is discussed. Advantages of using force balance techniques over estimating...

Bidirectional Seismic Response of Simple Structures
For design purposes it has been common to consider that seismic excitations act in one direction at a time. Analytical studies over the past decade have indicated that this may not be...

Experimental and Field Observation of Dynamic Behavior of Buried Pipelines
Cyclic torsion, axial pull-out, and bending data from experiments conducted on jointed utility pipelines buried at several depths are presented. It is found that linear relationships exist...