Windspeed Analysis of 1977 Birmingham Tornado
A set of postmortem force-response type analyses have been conducted and windspeeds quantified for the April 4, 1977, North Birmingham, Ala. tornado. Immediate field damage surveys and...

Building Response To Extreme Wind And Tornadoes

The Kalamazoo: Building Damage In The Center City

Structural Response of R/C Slabs to Tornado Missiles
The most widely used methods of analysis, effective mass procedures, and time-history solutions are reviewed and compared to available experimental data. The comparison indicates that...

Impactive Effects of Tornado Missiles and Aircraft
Impacts by tornado-generated missiles and aircraft lead to both local and overall effects on barriers. The overall effects are evaluated in terms of the flexural and shear behavior of...

Assessment of Tornado Risks at Site Specific Locations

Impactive Load Definition and Design of Structures to Resist Tornado, Turbine, High Energy System Rupture, Missile Impact, Aircraft Impact and Pipe Whip

Tornadoes: State of Knowledge
Tornadoes in the United States in the average of recent years have brought death to more then 100 persons, significant injury to 25 times that number, and property damage near $300,000,000....

Free Fall of Large Pipes
The design of nuclear plant facilities to withstand the effects of tornadoes has required estimates of the motion of objects accelerated in a tornado windfield. This has inspired investigations...

Local Effects of Tornado-Generated Missiles
Nuclear power plant facilities and many other structures need protection against missiles generated by tornadoes and explosions. Empirical formulas are presented to determine the local...

Tornado Data Characterization and Windspeed Risk
Tornado data records are analyzed for potential classification error, F-scale windspeed correlation, and tornado intensity variation. This assessment provides quantification of the uncertainties...

Tornado-Borne Missile Speeds
To ensure the safety of nuclear power plants in the event of a tornado strike it is required that, in addition to the direct action of the wind and of the moving pressure field, the designer...

Windspeeds Analyses of April 3-4, 1974 Tornadoes
Comprehensive documentation damage has made it possible to estimate tornadic windspeeds from the analyses of structural failures, based on the damage of eight specific structural components....

Optimum Design for Infrequent Disturbances
Sporadic disturbances such as earthquakes and tornadoes are idealized as renewal processes. Uncertainties are classified according to their time correlation into disturbance, structure,...

Tornado Wind Forces on Structures

Generation of Missiles by Tornadoes

Trajectory of Tornado Missiles and The Design Parameters

Tornado Generated Missiles

A Consistent Method of Determining Effects of Tornado Missiles on Nuclear Power Plant Design

Full Scale Tornado-Missile Impact Tests using a Rocket Launcher

 

 

 

 

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