Waterpower in Ontario
Ontario Hydro, a public utility, is responsible for the generation and transmission of almost all the electricity used in Ontario. In 1984 approximately 30% of Ontario's electricity...

Economic Analysis of Hydroelectric Projects
This paper deals with specifics and refinements that develop 'rules of thumb' for analysis of hydro projects. The authors' experience is on sites...

Insuring Security Requirements of Power Contracts
Under the fixed, or levelized rate utility contract, utility offers a fixed rate for the life of the contract. In the early years, the rate is in excess of the utility's avoided...

Financial Engineering for Small Hydropower Development
Despite the current impact of new tax laws, there are some creative approaches that the engineer and banker can use to assist development teams in successfully completing high-quality...

Issues and Problems in Negotiating Hydro Financing
Two basic approaches have been used to finance privately sponsored hydro projects: a sale-leaseback transaction, and a limited partnership. Both structures involve the transfer of the...

The Impact of Proposed Federal Income Tax Changes on the Financing of Hydroelectric Projects
The paper presents an overview of the specific proposed changes that would have the greatest direct impact on the hydroelectric power industry. Next, it presents the major conclusions...

Infrastructure for Urban Growth
Papers presented dealt with the financial, legal, political, planning, and engineering issues associated with providing public infrastructure necessary to meet the demands of growth in...

Financing the Golden Gate Bridge—Past and Present
This paper discusses the financial side of the project, which was a very innovative solution that provided federal revenue not only for the Bridge Redecking Project, but more importantly...

Getting Started
The need for increased funding for infrastructure maintenance and rehabilitation is a well recognized problem at all levels of government. Obtaining those funds has proven a difficult...

Rationalizing Land Records, Mapping, Planning
The way land records are kept and used in cities and counties is outmoded. The same is true for base mapping and land use planning. The computer is helping streamline all three, as is...

Funding for Shore Protection: New Jersey's Approach
The history of shore protection funding in New Jersey is rather bleak. From 1959 to 1980, a total of 56,810,080 was spent on beach restoration. Of that total, 27,084,768 came from the...

Marketing a Transportation Improvement Plan: A Case Study, Orange County California's Proposition A

Tampa Does It with Mirrors
As one of the nation's fastest growing cities, Tampa needed far more public works dollars. But the traditional source, the real estate tax, can no longer be relied on so heavily,...

Application of User Charges
Local government administrators across the country are increasingly interested in improving the application of user-based charges by documenting the costs of service provided to internal...

Professional Inspection of Construction
The Nation's deteriorating infrastructure is finally receiving the attention it deserves. As a result of this attention, a 5¢ per gallon gasoline tax has been passed. This...

Working Abroad? What About Taxes?
Highlights of the 1981 Tax Act are explained. The Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 was intended to simplify the calculations required to arrive at taxable income both for citizens abroad...

Proposition 13: Impact on California Public Works
The effect of proposition 13, which was passed in California in June 1978, has hurt the ability of local governments in the state to raise funds to construct new infrastructure and maintain...

Urban Highway Financing Mechanisms and Policies
This paper explores the urban transportation financing crisis, surveys existing State and local mechanisms for urban highway financing, explores emerging financing mechanisms, and addresses...

Geodetic Monuments for Eccentric Property Corners
Problem areas in land information systems are identified and described and solutions are proposed. The main areas discussed include a method of equitable property taxation, replacement...

Overseas Marketing Strategy
The personnel element in achieving and maintaining overseas marketing success is examined, and suggested strategies for selection, preparation, utilization and support of personnel for...

 

 

 

 

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