Micro-Damage Process Model for Polycrystalline Ice
This paper presents a micro-damage process model for freshwater polycrystalline ice deforming at the high end of the ductile-to-brittle transitional domain of strain rated. Damage is attributed...

Strain Rate Effects on Pressuremeter Testing
This paper discusses the effect of strain rate on the cavity expansion problem and pressuremeter test. A cuboidal shear device, CSD, was used to perform pressuremeter strain path tests...

Influence of Finite Deformations in the Stress-Strain Modelling of Granular Media
An incremental formulations of the stress-strain law is presented for quasi-static deformation of granular solids. The stress-strain relationship is derived for an element of granular...

Instability and Plastic Flow of Soils
Materials should according to Drucker's postulate become unstable when the second increment of plastic work is negative. Experimental observations however show otherwise....

A Micromechanics Model for Rough Interfaces
A new constitutive model for transfer of interfacial tractions along rough cracks in strain softening composites is presented. The model relates the normal and shearing stresses on the...

Comparison of a Microscopic Model and a Macroscopic Model Predictions on the Stress-Strain Behavior of a Soil
The stress-strain behavior of a soil under drained triaxial conditions was simulated using the Microscopic constitutive model TRUBAL. The model parameters for the Macroscopic constitutive...

Constitutive Relations for Granular Solids Accounting for Heterogeneous Deformation Fields
Under high deviatoric stress levels corresponding to large strains, the deformation of granular media is highly heterogeneous. A micro-mechanical approach is developed here to model the...

Numerical Experiments for Anisotropic Behavior of Granular Materials
A three dimensional discrete element computer code 'TRUBAL' is used to investigate the effect of initial anisotropy on stress-strain and volume change characteristics...

Testing the Limits
More than 100,000 bridges in the U.S. are considered structurally deficient and in need of posted load limits or repair. As the number continues to mount, engineers search for a better...

Risk Perception and Policy Preferences of Fire Chiefs: A Survey of Hazardous Materials Issues
This paper presents the results of a survey of Connecticut fire chiefs and discusses how their perceptions of risk affect their attitudes towards risk preparedness and risk management...

Analysis of Low Effective Stress Characteristics of Granular Materials in Reduced Gravity

A Conflict Avoidance Methodology for Port Dredging Issues
Port dredging operations have often been the focus of controversy over environmental and funding disputes. This paper asserts that adversarial relationships among interested parties will...

Effect of Long Waves to Local Sediment Transport Rate
When irregular waves travel to the shoreline, long wave component becomes important in the surf zone. In the surf zone, sands are transported by both wave motion and turbulence due to...

Critical Examination of Longshore Transport Rate Magnitude
Inconsistencies in the field data and predictions of longshore sediment transport (LST) rates associated with the CERC and Bagnold formulae are discussed. Practical errors in direct application...

Longshore Sand Transport Rate Distributions Measured in Lake Michigan
Cross-shore and vertical distributions of longshore sand transport in the nearshore zone were measured in a field data collection project conducted at Ludington, Michigan, on the east...

Alongshore Sediment Transport Rate Distribution
The initial analysis of a new set of experimental data on alongshore sediment transport rate distribution is presented. The distributions were generally found to be bimodal but tended...

Shear Velocity and Eolian Sand Transport on a Barrier Island
Nearly 18 months of simultaneous measurements of atmospheric shear velocity, sand transport quantity, and beach erosion survey were made to investigate the rate of eolian sand transport...

Sand Movement by Wind—Optimising Predictive Power
The aim of the work reported here was to develop a model for the efficient utilisation of standard anemometer data for the prediction of potential sand movement. Accurate aeolian sand...

Sediment Transport by Strong Wave-Plus-Current Flows
A prediction formula is derived for the suspended sediment transport rate in coastal regions when the current speed and/or wave orbital velocity is large. It is based on generalised forms...

Problems Associated with Deterministic Modelling of Extreme Beach Erosion Events
Recent developments in numerical modelling of cross-shore sediment transport and beach profile evolution have generally been based on a deterministic approach to the problem. That is to...

 

 

 

 

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