Buckling Optimization of Laminate Stacking Sequence with Strain Constraints
An integer programming formulation for the design of symmetric and balanced composite laminates subject to buckling and strain constraints is presented. The design variables that define...

Optimization of RC Frames with Reliability Concepts
Analysis and design optimization are considered simultaneously for reinforced concrete frames. Global displacements were considered as design variables. The nonlinear behavior of the elements...

Benchmark Problems for Shape Optimization in Plane Stress or Strain
The purpose of this paper is to bring to the attention of engineers and researchers who are working with finite element shape optimization techniques, the closed-form solutions for a unique...

Urban Drainage Design Potpourri: Avoiding Pitfalls
In the process of mastering various methods or programs used to estimate storm runoff and flow rates, fundamental principles can be overlooked or even misunderstood. Discussed herein are...

Unification in Estimation of Confidence Intervals
One area of future development needs in technology pertaining to surface runoff hydrology is the unification of techniques used by govermental agencies in the estimation of surface runoff...

Two Dimensional Analysis of Strain Localization with Nonlocal Continuous Damage
This paper addresses the problem of damage localization from a theoretical stand point with a nonlocal model. Conditions for non uniqueness of the rate equations of equilibrium are derived...

Tensile Failure in Concrete by Spallation
Plate impact experiments were performed on concrete specimens to study tensile failure at high strain rates. For tensile stress pulse durations of 1.5 and 2.2 ms the threshold stress for...

A Theory of Porous Plasticity at Low Triaxiality
A simple multiaxial theory of plasticity which is capable of taking into account the influence of pore shape at low concentration is developed for an isotropic porous material at a triaxiality...

Healing or Negative Damage in Concrete
The deformation of concrete may be attributed to damage or the evolution of microcracks and to mechanical healing or the closing of microcracks. For damage, dissipation is positive but...

Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis of Stress and Activation in the Heart
A finite element (FE) method has been developed for three-dimensional (3D) analysis of stress distributions and activation patterns in the left and right ventricles of the canine heart....

Finite Element Stress Analysis of a Spinal Segment
A large number of factors need to be determined to understand the biomechanics of a surgical procedure about the lumbar spine. Some of these factors are amenable to experimental investigations...

Structural Responses in Mechatronics
The design analysis of a circular cylinder, ring-stiffened intermittently, subject to conducting flow, is presented herein (Fan, 1986 & 1990). This composite cylinder is made of...

On the Solution of Plates and Shells Mixed Boundary Problems
Strain-stress state analysis on plates and shells under mixed boundary conditions is of significant practical value: a lot of problems, arisen in machine design, civil engineering etc.,...

Finite Element Stability of Eccentrically Stiffened Plates
A finite element model is developed to investigate the elastic stability of eccentrically stiffened rectangular plates. The formulation is based on the behavior of the plate-stiffener...

Characterizing Mode I Fatigue Delamination of Composite Materials
Evaluation of two techniques to characterize fatigue delamination using the double cantilever beam (DCB) specimen are presented. The two techniques were the delamination growth onset (G-N)...

Finite Element Analysis and Testing of a Laminated Composite Fuselage Test Structure
A test structure modeling a full scale section of a composite aircraft fuselage was designed, analyzed, fabricated, and pressure tested. The test structure consisted of a cylindrical graphite...

Use of Laser Holography and Image Analysis for Crack Measurement and Determination of Strain Fields in Cement Based Materials
The authors have successfully used laser holographic interferometry to measure various parameters, such as crack size, crack spacing, crack opening displacement, surface displacements...

Visualization of the Microstructural Response of Lightly-Cemented Granular Soils Under Uniaxial Strain Conditions
The microstructural response of granular soil under uniaxial strain is being investigated through direct observation of micromotions. Two techniques are being refined to quantify individual...

Mechanical Behavior of Composites with Interphases
The effect of interphases on the mechanical behavior of fiber-reinforced composites is studied. Two problems, a cracked fiber in a matrix, and a fiber pulled out of a matrix, are discussed....

Nonlocality of Continuum Approximation of Microcracked Materials
A continuum with nonlocal damage has recently been shown to be an effective approach for the analysis of strain-softening structures. The basic idea is that only the damage, normally caused...

 

 

 

 

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